Unlike many other dog breeds, Rotties remain immune to several diseases. However, breed-specific Rottweiler health problems need your apt attention. The more you are aware, the better is your ability to prevent incidents and ensure a healthy and happy life for your pet.
How Healthy Are Rottweilers?
The Rottweiler is a healthier dog. It is generally disease free. However, some illnesses affect the dog due to their unique skeletal build, instincts, innate habits, and unmonitored activities. Common Rottweiler health problems specific to the breed include hip and elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, and joint issues. The breed is also prone to genetic diseases, such as Von Willebrand clotting disorder and femoral bone cancer. Rotties are vulnerable to parvovirus infection.
Another common health issue in Rottweilers includes Gastrointestinal problems. Obesity is another cause for concern, and this may result in heart disease, arthritis, diabetes, and fertility problems in your dog.
Breed-Specific Rottweiler Health Problems
- Hip Dysplasia: Due to their natural body structure, Rotties are prone to heritable orthopedic injuries. Hip dysplasia is the most common type of such injuries. The hip joint turns defective with thighbone not fitting properly into the hip socket. Your dog may show pain, lameness, or discomfort as he walks. Make sure you check the symptoms of the disorder while buying a Rottweiler puppy.
- Elbow Dysplasia: These dogs may have a genetically malformed elbow joint. Surgical correction is an option to treat the condition.
- Obesity: Many Rottweiler health issues are directly associated with his overeating habit. In the absence of adequate exercise, the love for food may lead to obesity in these dogs. An obese pet is at an increased risk of diabetes, loss of immunity, joint problems, respiratory distress, heart issues, and arthritis. The accumulation of fat under the skin also makes the dog heat sensitive.
- Hypothyroidism: Rotties are prone to the problem when they turn obese. This is marked by the deficiency of thyroid hormone in the body of your dog. As a result, your pet may have skin disease, allergies, weight gain, mental dullness, lack of energy, and reproductive troubles. The coat loses its smoothness and becomes weedy.
- Femoral Cancer: Osteosarcoma or malignant tumor in the femur is reportedly the most common reason for the untimely death of Rottweilers. Check your dog for the symptoms of leg problem and consult your vet immediately. This is common in all large dog breeds and often leads to limb amputation.
Increased Threat of Rottweiler Health Problems
- Shoulder Joint Pain: Osteochondritis dissecans or pain in the shoulder joint is prominent in Rotties with a faster growth rate or those on a high-calorie diet. Those jumping too much are also at a high risk of the Rottweiler health problem.
- Bloat or Torsion: This emergency gastrointestinal issue may become a fatal Rottweiler health problem. Due to their chest structure, Rotties may suffer from bloating. Eating rapidly or exercise after the meal increases the risk manifold. Food allergy is another potential cause. Excessive air in the stomach leads to bloating and twisting while your pet is unable to vomit. This impacts the blood pressure level and affects the function of the heart and oxygen level. Your dog may show restlessness with the onset of the disorder.
- Panosteitis: It is a kind of bone infection mostly found in Rottweiler puppies who are three to six months old. Your puppy may have temporary lameness.
Other Rottweiler Health Problems
The Rottweiler is in the high-risk category as far as infection from parvovirus is concerned. Aortic stenosis is a congenital heart defect that may impact your Rottie. Resulting from a narrower aorta, it increases pressure on your dog’s heart. Fainting and heart murmur are typical symptoms. As the heart works harder, the pet faces an increased risk of heart failure.
Food, inhalation of chemicals, and certain contact triggers may cause allergies in Rottweilers. You have to identify triggers and eliminate them to keep your dog free from recurrence of allergic symptoms. Ear and eye infections in these dogs, though not so common, may be linked to allergic reactions.
Skin diseases, epilepsy, cataracts, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, diarrhea, and urinary infections may also impact your pet.
Tips To Avoid Rottweiler Health Problems
- Prevention is the best defense. As much as you are aware of Rottweiler health problems, you are better placed to prevent them.
- Make sure your dog gets all vaccinations as per the regular schedule.
- Do a comprehensive parental checkup for visible disorders while buying a puppy. You may ask the breeder for proof to support his claim that the pup’s parents are tested for genetic disorders.
- Early intervention is the key to the swift recovery of your Rottie. Any delay in treatment may increase the severity of symptoms and result in long-term health problems.
- Treat gastric, diarrhea, allergy, infections, and respiratory distress as an emergency and contact your vet immediately.
- Ensure your pet undergoes regular health checkups. Talk to the vet as soon as possible if you notice any physical symptoms in your dog.
- Give your pet de-worming medications, flea/tick preventatives, and medications to treat protozoa-borne dog illnesses on time.