Confident, bold, and imposing, the Rottweiler is a perfect choice if you want a muscular puppy. Naturally calm, steadfast, and intelligent, Rotties have earned the reputation for successfully working with police, search and rescue teams, and the military. Enduring strength and stamina make them perfect as guard dogs while their good nature and other diverse positive traits make the breed a perfect, loyal family friend.
History of Rottweiler Dog Breed
The Rottweiler has a Roman ancestry. Research studies indicate their possible lineage from ancient Roman drover dogs known to be highly intelligent, dependable, rugged, and dominant. Rovers accompanied marching Roman armies to the modern-day southern Germany around 74 AD. They were entrusted with the duty to guard military camps and animal herds. Their mettle in guarding duties led to their adoption by locals and traders visiting Rottweil, an ancient German trade center.
In Rottweil, Rotties were mostly engaged by butchers to guard animal herds due to their immense strength and guarding abilities. This resulted in the name of the dog as Rottweiler Metzgerhund or butchers’ dogs. The breed was a great asset to livestock owners until the mid-19th century to guard moving herds.
The American Kennel Club recognized Rottweiler breed in 1931. Rotties took part in two world wars, and their military exploits contributed to their popularity, making them a household name.
The Physique of Rottweiler Dogs
Rottweiler has a strong and muscular body due to its descent of a mastiff-type dog. Seen in both middle and large sizes, the dog has a slightly longer body than his height. A mature male is usually between 24 and 27 inches with a weight of 90 to 130 pounds. Female Rotties are 22 to 25 with approximately same weight as their male counterparts.
A Rottweiler is an athletic dog with a dominating presence. Eyes are deep set and shaped like almonds while its pedant ears look triangular. The coat is of solid black color with markings at lower legs, chest, muzzle sides, eye, under their tail, and cheeks. Straight and coarse to touch, the coat is easy to care for.
About Rottweiler Temperament
- Rotties are calm, confident, and fearless. These dogs love firm, consistent instructions and show strong work ethics, but may react to harsh regulations.
- A smart dog, Rottweiler prefers to follow a wait-and-watch attitude toward strangers. Males mostly avoid making friends immediately. The dog scans for threats and assesses people and situations.
- Rottweiler has a natural instinct to protect his owner and property. He is very loyal and affectionate toward his family and loves to remain close to his owners. However, he does not like people unable to assert themselves. The dog may become stubborn unless socialized properly.
- The intelligent dog does not become aggressive without a cause. However, he has a natural herding instinct, and this may lead to his clashes with young children. You can socialize or raise your dog alongside your children to rein in such natural instincts.
- A Rottweiler usually does not like other pets. He tries to assert his dominance. However, he can be easily trained to coexist with other pets.
- Rottweilers are highly trainable. They need around 30 to 30 minutes of daily playtime. Many of these dogs have a tendency to overeat and snore.
Rottweiler Health Risks
Rottweilers have a life span of 10 to 12 years. Strong and athletic, they remain healthy and hearty. However, your Rottie has his share of health concerns like other dog breeds. These dogs are prone to elbow dysplasia, cranial cruciate ligament injury, and gastric problems. Overeating makes them vulnerable to obesity, diabetes, and other disorders.
Malignant bone tumor, hypopigmentation, parvoviral infection, and hypothyroidism are among other major concerns.
Rotties may occasionally be diagnosed with cataract, epilepsy, eye issues, cancer, hip dysplasia, and congenital deafness.
Owning A Rottweiler: Essential Things To Know
- Loyal and intelligent dogs with great strength and assertive dominance.
- No need for frequent grooming sessions and this makes their maintenance easy.
- Low shedding and no intricate brushing needs.
- Highly trainable and easy to socialize. Not many repetitions required.
- Rotties love the consistency and stick to work ethics.
- A naturally gifted watchdog with an alert mind and ability to assess dangers. Bold and courageous in facing any aggressor and protecting the family.
- Though tough and study, he has the low adaptability to hot weather.
- Athletic and active, he wants plentiful activity and playtime.
- New owners may find mature dogs stubborn unless they establish their leadership.
- Not good for young kids unless he grows up with them.
- The dog does not like to befriend strangers immediately.
- Rottweilers are generally not pet-friendly.