Do you see signs of mange in your four-legged buddy? Does he constantly scratch himself, often resulting in sores, scabs, and red bald patches on his skin? Well, these are common mange symptoms in dogs. Mange affects many animals, including cats and dogs. The skin disease is caused by microscopic mites. If left untreated, mange in Rottweilers can cause severe skin infections.
Types of Mange in Rottweilers
Demodectic or red mange
When demodex mites are left untreated in dogs, there is a proliferation of the mite population, resulting in Demodectic mange. An infected mother can transfer the mites to her weaning puppies. This type of skin infection in dogs primarily affects pups and dogs under-18 months of age. The mange infection is not contagious. Bacterial infection can cause severe itchiness and smelly skin. Demodectic mange could also be a sign of underlying health conditions, a hereditary problem, a compromised immune system, or even an endocrine issue.
Sarcoptic mange or canine scabies
Unlike demodectic mange, sarcoptic mange is highly contagious. This means it can easily transmit to humans and other pets that come in close contact with a mange-infected dog and cause itchy red bumps. Oval-shaped microscopic sarcoptic mites are responsible for causing this skin infection in dogs. An infected dog may become restless due to severe itching and should be kept away from other pets and humans. Once the dog starts scratching restlessly, bald patches may start to appear on ears, legs, face, and elbows.
Also known as walking dandruff, Cheyletiella mange in dogs is caused by large, white mites. This type of mange lives on the skin surface. Some of the signs of Cheyletiella mange include scaly, flaky skin along the neck, trunk, spine, arms, and buttocks. A red bumpy rash may also appear on the dog’s body.
It is highly contagious and can spread to humans and other pets. The mite can cause severe itching in a few dogs. However, in some cases, there may be no itching at all.
Signs of Mange in Rottweilers
Red bald patches are common in infected dogs. These mites reside in the skin and hair follicles. Mange usually affects the face, ears, elbows, and legs of a dog. It can quickly spread to other parts of the body. Here are a few common mange symptoms:
- Scabs and sores
- Red skin
- Thin patches of skin
- Bald spots
- Hair loss
- Intense and desperate itching and scratching
- Anger, restlessness
The skin disease in dogs can further cause secondary bacterial infections.
Mange Diagnosis in Rottweilers
If you suspect that your furry buddy has mange, bring him to the veterinarian for an accurate diagnosis. In some cases, a vet can simply take a skin scraping from the affected site and do a microscopic testing to check for signs of mite infestation or eggs. However, in some cases, mites are deep within the skin, for which a vet may need to perform a biopsy to make a proper diagnosis. Mange treatment in Rottweilers depends on the type of mite and severity of the skin infection in dogs.
Mange Treatment in Rottweilers
As a pet parent, you are keen to know how to treat mange in Rottweilers, right? Well, once the diagnosis is done, the vet will prepare the mange treatment course. A majority of puppies suffering from localized mange will recover within 2 months even without treatment of mange in Rottweiler. An antibiotic shampoo can be useful to prevent infections from itching.
- Thoroughly cleanse or replace bedding of your Rottweiler regularly with hot water, bleach, and soap. It is equally important to keep anything that comes in close contact with him clean.
- Wash your hands properly before administering medicine or offering food to your Rottie suffering from mange.
- Insecticide shampoos should be used for a thorough cleansing effect.
- The vet may prescribe an oral medication.
- Lime-sulfur therapy is the most popular mange treatments in Rottweilers. It is administered every week as a dip. Dogs diagnosed with demodectic mange require 6-14 dips every 2-week intervals. After the first three or four dips, a veterinarian should do a skin scraping to determine if the mites were actually eliminated.
- Dogs with Sarcoptic mange require cleansing with a specialized shampoo with benzoyl peroxide. Since mites are burrowed deep into the pet’s skin, the treatment is aimed at opening up the pores. An insecticide dip, such as lime-sulfur, Amitraz, or selamectin is used weekly for 6 weeks to treat mange in Rotties. The dip treatment might continue until mange symptoms in dogs resolve.
- Weekly bathing of a Rottie is the most standard treatment for walking dandruff. It is done to remove dry scaly skin, followed by a weekly regimen with insecticidal rinses. The treatment may extend for 6-8 weeks.
How To Treat Mange in Rottweilers
When mange in Rottweiler is detected, you want to make sure all other pets in the house are safe and isolated from the infected pooch. The type of treatment for other pets depends on the type of mange that has caused skin infection in a dog. Typically, most mites die within 2-3 days when they fall off a host; however, not all types of mange die so quickly. Cheyletiella can survive for almost 8-10 days away from the host. You may want to keep your infected Rottie quarantined to reduce the risk of infestation to other pets. Additionally, you should take steps to prevent re-infestation when mite eggs hatch after a few days. Thoroughly cleanse rugs, bedding, toys, carpets, carriers, brushes, and toys.